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Abstract Detail

Cell biology

Cox, Monica [1], Kraus, Lorelle [2], Gallaher, Timothy [1], Moss, Kimberly [3], Clark, Lynn [4].

Modeling cells in 3D with Cinema 4D.

Nearly all of the energy used by living beings is captured first through the process of photosynthesis. Most terrestrial photosynthesis takes place in the specialized chlorenchyma cells of plant leaves. These cells show substantial variation in size and shape among species resulting in different arrangements of chloroplasts, surface area/volume ratios and patterns of intercellular spaces, however, this variation is poorly documented and relationships to environmental conditions are virtually unknown. As part of a larger study investigating chlorenchyma shape variation in the grass family, we developed a simple set of methods to reconstruct cells in three dimensions using the animation software Cinema 4D. These techniques provide new ways of visualizing and quantifying variation allowing us to more fully explore correlations with environmental conditions and photosynthetic pathway. The digital objects produced can be used to estimate cell volume and surface area, printed using a 3D-printer, or further developed into tissue-level models and animations. This work will lead to a better understanding of how plants maximize photosynthesis while adapting to new environments.

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1 - Iowa State University, EEOB, 251 Bessey Hal, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, 50010, United States
2 - Ames High School, 1921 Ames High Dr., Ames, IA, 50010, United States
3 - Iowa State University, College of Design, 378 Design, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, 50010, United States
4 - Iowa State University, Department Of Ecology, Evolution, And Organismal Biology, 251 Bessey Hall, Ames, IA, 50011-1020, USA

Cell Biology
Cell shape
cell size

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P
Location: Hall D/The Shaw Conference Centre
Date: Monday, July 27th, 2015
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PCL013
Abstract ID:1230
Candidate for Awards:None

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