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Abstract Detail

Host/Plant Pathogen Interactions and Plant Health Management

Sawa, Fatima Binta J. [1], Abdul, Suleiman Dangana [2], Obadia, Caleb Dikko [3].

Bioinsecticidal Activity of Some Plants Powder on Maize Weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) of Stored Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum, L) Grains.

The use of natural plant products in the control of storage pest of grains is encouraged. In this study four powder from (4) plants namely, Allium sativum (L.) (bulb) Drimia maritima (L.) (Baker) [Synonyms; Urginea maritima, Sea onion] (bulb), Erythrina senegalensis (L.) (stem bark); and Khaya senegalensis (L.) (stem bark) were evaluated as bioinsecticides against the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) of stored Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum, L) grains. The efficacies of the plants powder at four (4) levels of concentration of 0.5g; 1.0g; 2.5g; and 5.0g against the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky) monitored over 24hrs, 48hrs, 72hrs, and 96hrs intervals were evaluated and compared with the industrially formulated insecticide, Coopex (Permethrin 0.5%) using standard method. The results obtained indicated that all the plant materials evaluated, exhibits mortality effects at all concentration levels which increases on the basis of the length of exposure and an increase in the concentration level. Notably, powdered stem bark of Khaya senegalensis (L.) and powdered bulb of Allium sativum (L.) had the most effective Lethal Dose (LD50 values) of 0.33g and 0.22g after 24hrs.

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Related Links:

1 - Abubakar Tafaw Balewa University, Biological Sciences Dept, ATBU, PMB 0248, Bauch, 74005, Nigeria
2 - Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Biological Sciences, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Road, Bauchi, BH, 74005, Nigeria
3 - Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Biological Sciences, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Road, Bauchi, BH, 74005

none specified

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P
Location: Hall D/The Shaw Conference Centre
Date: Monday, July 27th, 2015
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PPA032
Abstract ID:228
Candidate for Awards:None

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