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Abstract Detail

Population Genetics

Oliveira, Luiz Orlando de [1], Vinson, Christina C. [1], Dal'sasso, Thais C. S. [1], Sudre, Claudia P. [2], Mangaravite, Erica [1].

Population genetics of the naturally rare tree Dimorphandra wilsonii (Caesalpinioideae) of the Brazilian Cerrado.

Naturally rare species have a higher probability of stochastic extinction due to genetic, demographic or environmental hazards; human disturbance may intensify these threats. Rare species may therefore be in need of short-term intervention to survive. The ecosystem with the second highest biodiversity in Brazil, the Cerrado, is suffering from fragmentation and threats to its flora. Dimorphandra wilsonii, a 30 m tall endemic tree of the Brazilian Cerrado, is listed as critically endangered; only 21 adult trees have been identified. We carried out mating system and pollen flow analyses to understand the current gene flow and limitations in the reproduction of D. wilsonii. With seven fluorescently labelled microsatellite primers, we genotyped 20 adult trees and 269 progeny from 13 mother trees. D. wilsonii displayed low levels of genetic diversity; bottleneck events are likely to have occurred (He = 0.60 and 0.29; Ho = 0.71 and 0.33, for adults and progeny, respectively). This species is predominantly outcrossing (tm = 0.88), with some selfing (1-tm = 0.12), as well as crossing between related individuals (tm-ts = 0.11). None of the studied trees was reproductively isolated; a high proportion of pollen (55%) came from trees yet to be discovered. Two genetic clusters (Northern and Southern) were identified, with high values of genetic divergence among the Southern sites. Planting of seedlings and monitoring of seed dispersion in order to maintain the genetic diversity and genetic structure of D. wilsonii are strategies that may ensure the continuation of D. wilsonii, but this species does not seem to require reproductive intervention to remain viable.

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1 - Federal University of Vicosa, Vicosa, MG, 36570000, Brazil
2 - Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense "Darcy Ribeiro", Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil

mating system
forest tree species
rare plant.

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Topics
Session: P
Location: Hall D/The Shaw Conference Centre
Date: Monday, July 27th, 2015
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PPG004
Abstract ID:682
Candidate for Awards:None

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