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Abstract Detail

Mycological Section

Ibrahim, Dr. Muhammad [1].

An alternative approach by using Chinese medicinal plants for management of Verticillium wilt of cotton.

The use of chemical fungicides is very costly and noxious in nature, thus, the trend towards the environmental friendly pesticides has led to search new antifungal agents from various sources including Chinese medicinal herbs. Current study aimed to confirm the antifungal potential of some selective Chinese medicinal herbs under in vitro and greenhouse conditions against Verticillium dahliae, the causal organism of Verticillium wilt disease for sustainable and eco-friendly integrated disease management of cotton. The preliminary screening of 26 Chinese medicinal herbs for antifungal potential have exhibited significantly (P < 0.05) varied response to reduce the radial mycelial colony growth of V. dahliae and showed organic fungicidal potential. The strongest efficacy has been observed for Prunus mume and Rhus chinensis Mill followed by Croptis chinensis Franch, Cortex phellodendri chinensis and Curcuma longa L. The efficacy of Rhus chinensis Mill., Prunus mume, Croptis chinensis Franch and Cortex phellodendri chinensis under greenhouse conditions have been correlated with in vitro test. However, Prunus mume and Rhus chinensis Mill. produced strongest efficacy to reduced the development of Verticillium wilt severity. The improvement in plant height, fresh plant weight and number of leaves per plant was obtained with Prunus mume and Rhus chinensis Mill followed by Croptis chinensis Franch and Cortex phellodendri chinensis. Nevertheless, the best Chinese medicinal herbs to improve the plant growth have been observed for Prunus mume and Rhus chinensis Mill. Alternative control with Chinese medicinal herbs of current study produced strongest antifungal potential, and are relatively economical, safe and non-hazardous can be used successfully against Verticillium wilt management and cotton quality improvement for sustainable production.
Keywords: Chinese medicinal herbs; antifungal potential; Verticillium dahliae; cotton

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1 - Sindh Agriculture University, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Crop Protection, Tandojam, Sindh, 70060, Pakistan

Chinese medicinal herbs
antifungal potential
Verticillium dahliae

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Session: 64
Location: Salon 1/The Shaw Conference Centre
Date: Wednesday, July 29th, 2015
Time: 10:45 AM
Number: 64003
Abstract ID:710
Candidate for Awards:None

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