Create your own conference schedule! Click here for full instructions

Abstract Detail



Mycological Section

Allen, W. Cavan [1], Castlebury, Lisa [1], Luke, Eileen M. [2], Hill, Michael A. [2], Hegarty, Joe F. [2], McKemy, John M. [3], Romberg, Megan K. [3], Randall-Schadel, Betsy [4], Gregory, Nancy F. [5], Shew, Barbara [6], Cubeta, Marc A. [6].

One name for plant pathogenic fungi: a resource for diagnosticians, regulatory agencies and researchers.

The National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) is a collection of land grant university plant disease and pest diagnostic facilities from across the United States that provides a framework to quickly detect and identify plant pests and pathogens of concern. The National Repository for the NPDN, maintained by the Center for Environmental and Regulatory Information Systems (CERIS) at Purdue University, stores diagnostic information including databases containing the names of plant pathogens from five regions across the US. CERIS also manages databases for the USDA National Agricultural Pest Information System (NAPIS) and USDA APHIS Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (CPHST). The NPDN, federal identifiers and quarantine inspectors must be able to accurately identify and correctly reference the scientific names of pathogens. However, two names representing sexual and asexual stages have often been used for plant pathogenic fungi, causing confusion for regulatory officials including plant pathologists. The International Code of Nomenclature (ICN) for algae, fungi, and plants now requires the use of a single name for all fungal species and no longer allows for the use of dual nomenclature for anamorph and teleomorph stages. Valid names for fungal plant pathogens in reference databases are being determined and conflicts resolved using references maintained by the USDA ARS Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Lab (SMML), the US National Fungus Collections, Mycobank, and various other sources of nomenclature information. More than 3,000 names, including 200 plant pathogens, were reviewed for accuracy and updated in the NPDN and SMML databases. The SMML nomenclature database was updated by more than 7,300 species names and more than 1,500 entries were added or verified for newly described type specimens of fungal pathogens, published first reports, and specimens intercepted at ports of entry and are available at http://nt.ars-grin.gov/fungaldatabases. Database design at CERIS ensures usability and commonality for all NPDN users. NPDN lab management systems can adapt their software to use the new naming conventions, and modifications allow for continued access to previous names to insure continuity with previous work.


Log in to add this item to your schedule

1 - USDA ARS Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, USA
2 - Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
3 - USDA APHIS PPQ National Identification Services, Beltsville, MD, USA
4 - USDA APHIS PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, Raleigh, NC, USA
5 - University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
6 - North Carolina State University, Plant Pathology, Raleigh, NC, 27695, USA

Keywords:
none specified

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Sections
Session: P
Location: Hall D/The Shaw Conference Centre
Date: Monday, July 27th, 2015
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PMY032
Abstract ID:754
Candidate for Awards:None


Copyright 2000-2015, Botanical Society of America. All rights reserved